F1: What Does The Most Successful and Worst Car of 1994 Have in Common?

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The answer is that they shared the same ancestor. The Pacific PR01 car failed to finish a race in 1994 whereas the Benetton B194 won eight Grand Prixs, yet amazingly the two cars originated from the same 1991 design. It’s just the Pacific was a less refined version of the Benetton.

In 1991 a high-quality design team headed by Rory Byrne and Pat Symonds secretly worked on a Reynard F1 car. However, the project was eventually shelved and the team moved back to Benetton for 1992. “I was a director of the Reynard F1 effort so knew a lot about it” explains Willem Toet, Benetton’s Head of Aerodynamics in 1994 and one of the key contributors towards the upcoming book. “Pat Symonds, Rory Byrne and Adrian Reynard were the other directors. Afterwards we all went back to Benetton because Rory did a deal for the whole group.  I don’t think there is a person on the planet who knows the story better than I do.”

Their 1991 Reynard design morphed into the race winning 1992 Benetton and the B194 car, which Schumacher used to win the 1994 drivers’ championship, was an advanced evolution of it.

Meanwhile Reynard sold the original 1991 design to Pacific who used it to create their own 1994 car, the PR01. In contrast to Benetton, Pacific had not undertaken any vital aerodynamic development on it and basically had no real knowledge of how to update the design. This combined with limited funds, meant Pacific was essentially using a three-year-old car during the 1994 season. The PR01 was also powered by an ancient Ilmor engine last used by Sauber before the previous season’s Italian GP.

Pacific’s budget was tiny so the car had limited track testing and because of this, it suffered fundamental problems.  Significant modifications were supposed to be carried out after the tragic San Marino Grand Prix but needed to be abandoned. This was due to a sponsorship deal not materialising – nothing new in F1 – but this story was particularly ironic. Pacific Grand Prix persuaded a cigarette company called Black Death to sponsor them for that fateful Imola race. They secured the deal by explaining how safe F1 was in 1994 because there had not been a death within the sport for 12 years. This was particularly important to Black Death because their logo featured a skull and crossbones.

Because the stickers for the cars did not arrive in time, Pacific ran without their new sponsor during Saturday qualifying where Roland Ratzenberger was tragically killed. The stickers arrived later that day and were ready to be put on the cars but for obvious reasons, the Pacific team declined the offer by now. “It’s actually a very difficult situation,” explained Pacific’s Graeme Glew. “The backing could be a saviour, but obviously it would have been inappropriate here.”

The Black Death company never appeared in Formula 1 after the subsequent accidents in F1 during that dark period. To add salt into Pacific’s wounds their team truck caught fire on the way back from that cursed Imola race. At the following Grand Prix, Max Mosley (the president of F1’s governing body, the FIA) then announced immediate and extensive safety modifications to be made to the cars. This measure, whilst necessary, did effectively wiped out Pacific’s budget for the remainder of the year.

Upon hearing Mosley’s new safety measures Keith Wiggins, the Pacific team boss, said; “If my engines don’t bankrupt me, this stands a pretty good chance.” Despite enjoying success in lower categories where their drivers included David Coulthard and JJ Lehto, Pacific GP was finding F1 in 1994 tough going.

The FIA imposed immediate safety modifications onto the cars following the various accidents, but teams were in an uproar over the cost and haste of this. It led to lots of interesting politicking later on as detailed in the upcoming book.

In 1994 Pacific did not finish a single race and from the French Grand Prix onwards, neither car qualified. They scored a total of zero points that season. By 1995, the team merged with the dying Team Lotus. The obsolete Ilmor engines were replaced by Ford ED V8s and a whole host of new sponsors were brought in. Good news also came when the PR02 was guaranteed a start each race, with the Larrousse and Lotus teams disappearing from the entry lists and only Forti debuting.

However that season proved little better with Pacific’s best finish being 8th in the German and Australian Grand Prix. At the end of 1995, the team withdrew from Formula One and Wiggins went back to Formula 3000, resurrecting Pacific Racing and by 1998, Wiggins closed the team for good. One can’t help but wonder how things might have differed for Pacific had they been their world not been turned upside down following the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix.

1994 – The Untold Story of a Tragic and Controversial F1 Season is a new book which gives unique insight into why 1994 was especially turbulent. Moreover it investigates the politics surrounding Benetton and the various cheating allegations.

Keep checking www.1994f1.com for more F1 blogs and the release date for the book. Alternatively sign up at; http://www.1994f1.com/contact/ to receive this automatically.

Images courtesy of Willem Toet, Martin Lee and Flominator via Wikimedia.

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